Saturday, October 31, 2009

मालविकाग्निमित्र - सज्जन सङ्गः

मन्दोऽप्यमन्दतामेति संसर्गेण विपश्चितः |
पङ्कच्छिदः फलस्येव निकषेणाविलं पयः ||

- मालविकाग्निमित्र

Even a fool can learn some thing (and attain greatness) if he spends some time with the virtuous wise men. Even muddy water becomes clear when it comes in contact with a particular fruit - Strychnos Potatorum (that acts like a coagulant).

- Malavikagnimitra

Friday, October 30, 2009

याज्ञवल्क्य - मिश्रचौर


भेषजस्नेहलवणगन्धधान्यगुडादिषु |
पण्येषु प्रक्षिपन् हीनं पणान् दाप्यस्तु षोडश ||

- याज्ञवल्क्य

If a miser shopkeeper is adulterating medicine, oil, salt, sandal wood paste (perfume), cereals, jaggery and other such house hold items then he must be fined sixteen times the value of what he sold.

- Yajnavalkya

Thursday, October 29, 2009

मनुस्मृति - ब्रह्मवेदिनः


भूतानां प्राणिनः श्रेष्ठाः प्राणिनां बुद्धिजीवनः
    बुद्धिमत्सु नराः श्रेष्ठा नराणां सात्त्विकाः स्मृताः |
सात्त्विकेषु च विद्वांसः विद्वत्सु कृतबुद्धयः
    कृतबुद्धिषु कर्तारः कर्तृषु ब्रह्मवेदिनः ||

- मनुस्मृति - श्रेष्ठः

In this world of beings, the animals are better than other (plants, microbes etc..). Among the animals, those who think are better. Man is the best among those animals that can think. Among all men, those who follow honest (and other virtues) are the best. Among honest people, those who are knowledgeable are better. Among those who have knowledge, only those who practice are better than the rest. Among such people, the do-er is the best. It is no use just talking about knowledge. Among all the do-ers, the person who has the realization of the oneness in the universe is the best.

- Manu Smriti

Wednesday, October 28, 2009

भामिनीमान - विधिविपर्यास

भूतिर्नीचगृहेषु विप्रसदने दारिद्र्यकोलाहलः
    नाशो हंत सतामसत्पथजुषामायुः शतानां शतम् |
दुर्नीतिं तव वीक्ष्य कोपदहनज्वालाजटलोऽपिसन्
    किं कुर्वे जगदीश यत्पुनरहं दीनो भवानीश्वरः ||

- भामिनीमान

The bad people always have plenty. Poverty dances in the homes of people who lead a honest life. Virtuous people die early while the rogues live for hundred years. When I see such atrocities in Your creation, I get all fumed up in anger. But what can I do, I am helpless and you are all powerful.

- Bhaminimana

Tuesday, October 27, 2009

याज्ञवल्क्य - वैद्य

भिषज्ञ्मिथ्याचरन् दंड्यस्तिर्यक्षु प्रथमं दमम् |
मानुषे मध्यमं राजपुरुषेषूत्तमं दमम् ||

- याज्ञवल्क्य

If a doctor administers wrong medicine, then he must be punished in increasing order of severity based on who he gave the medecine to - animals, common man and royalty

- Yajnavalkya

Sunday, October 25, 2009

वेदान्ताचार्य - मूर्ख़ - बुद्धिमान्

भवन्ति बहवो मूर्ख़ाः क्वचिदेको विशुद्धधीः |
त्रासितोऽपि सदा मूर्ख़ैरचलो यस्य बुद्धिमान् ||

- वेदान्ताचार्य

There are many a fools in this world. But there are very few people who can be called wise. Only those who can keep their minds from wavering in spite of attacks from the foolish are the only real wise people.

- Vedantacharya

Saturday, October 24, 2009

पञ्चतंत्र - मित्रभेद - विमर्श

भये वा यदि वा हर्षे संप्राप्ते यो विमर्शयेत् |
कृत्यं न कुरुते वेगात् न स संतापमाप्नुयात् ||

- पञ्चतंत्र, मित्रभेद

He who ponders to think (and deliberates) when confronted with fear or extreme happiness and who would never react in a hurry will never be sad.

- Panchatantra, Mitrabheda

Friday, October 23, 2009

मनुस्मृति - शुभ

भद्रं भद्रमिति ब्रूयात् भद्रमित्येव वा वदेत् |
शुष्कवैरं विवादं च न कुर्यात् केनचित् सह ||

- मनुस्मृति

One must always talk auspiciously. One must not talk negatively about anybody's endeavor. One must not quarrel just for the sake of quarreling. One must not pickup unnecessary arguments

- Manu Smriti

Thursday, October 22, 2009

शिशुपालवध - महतां सङ्गः

बृहत्सहायः कार्यांतं क्षोदीयानपि गच्छति |
संभूयांभोधिमभ्येति महानद्या नगापगा ||

- शिशुपालवध

With help of the mighty and powerful, even the weak (and insignificant) can attain greatness. A mountain stream can also join the ocean if it can get some help from a river (by joining it as a tributary).

- Shishupala Vadha

Wednesday, October 21, 2009

पञ्चतंत्र - मित्रभेद - एकता

बहूनामप्यसाराणां समवायो हि दुर्जयः |
तृणैरावेष्ट्यते रज्जुर्येन नागोपि बध्यते ||

- पञ्चतंत्र - मित्रभेद

When many seemingly powerless beings unite, they can not be defeated easily. Just like a rope made of grass (many of them) can tie down an elephant

- Panchatantra, Mitrabheda

Tuesday, October 20, 2009

किरातार्जुनीय - कोप

बलवानपि कोपजन्मनः
    तमसो नाभिभवं रुणद्धि यः |
क्ष्यपक्ष इवैंदवीः कलाः
    सकला हन्ति स शक्तिसंपदः ||

- किरातार्जुनीय

One must destroy the darkness that emanates from anger as early as possible. If unchecked, it will destroy everything. The darks spots on the moon will engulf the entire moon during the waning phase.

- Kiratarjuniya

Monday, October 19, 2009

मनुस्मृति - बलप्रयोग

बलादत्तं बलाद्भुक्तं बलाद्यच्चापि लेखितम् |
सर्वान् बलकृतानर्थान् अकृतान् मनुरब्रवीत् ||

- मनुस्मृति

Charity, eating, writing (learning) or any other work - if done only when forced up on you, is as good as not done.

- Manu Smriti

Sunday, October 18, 2009

मनुस्मृति - क्रोध

पैशुन्यं साहसं द्रोह ईर्ष्यासूयार्थदूषणम् |
वाग्दण्डजं च पौरुष्यं क्रोधजोऽपि गणोष्टकः ||

- मनुस्मृति

Calumny, haste, deceit, jealousy, greed, insincerity while dealing with money, attacking people, hurting people with harsh words - these are the eight vices that accompany anger.

- Manu Smriti

Saturday, October 17, 2009

सुभाषितसुधानिधि - क्रोध

पुत्रो भृत्यः सुहृन्मित्रं भार्या धर्मश्च सत्यता |
तस्यैतान्यपयास्यन्ति क्रोधशीलस्य निश्चितम् ||

- सुभाषितसुधानिधि

All of these will leave a person who under the grasp of anger at all times - son, servant, well-wishers, friends, wife, dharma and truth. None of these can peacefully co-exist with anger.

- Subhashitasudhanidhi, Anger

Friday, October 16, 2009

बोधिचर्यावतार - शान्तः

प्रासादिकत्वमारोग्यं प्रामोद्यं चिरजीवितम् |
चक्रवर्तिसुखं स्फीतं शान्तः प्राप्नोति संसरन् ||

- बोधिचर्यावतार

One who can find peace within himself will enjoy the following even while living in this world (of misery) - satisfaction, good health, happiness, longevity, great pleasures worthy of an emperor.

- Bodhicharyavatara

Thursday, October 15, 2009

मनुस्मृति - वाक् - पापानि


पारुष्यमनृतं चैव पैशुन्यं चापि सर्वशः |
असंबद्धप्रलापश्च वाज्ञ्मयं स्याच्चतुर्विधम् ||

- मनुस्मृति

Harsh words (hurting some one with words), dishonesty, calumny, banter - these are the four sins that can be committed by speech.

- Manu Smriti

Wednesday, October 14, 2009

गरुड पुराण - स्वभाव

परावाताः शिलाहाराः कदाचिदपि चातकाः |
न पिबन्ति महितोयं व्रतनस्ते भवन्ति किम् ||

- गरुड पुराण

A pigeon eats (survives on ) just the stalks of corn. The chataka bird does never drink water from the ground. It only drinks water directly from the clouds when it rains. The above birds are only following their nature. Can we say they are penancing?

- Garuda purana

Tuesday, October 13, 2009

भोजप्रबन्ध - तृष्णा

प्रायो धनमतामेव धने तृष्णा गरीयसी |
पश्य कोटिद्वयासक्तं लक्षाय प्रवणं धनुः ||

- भोजप्रबन्ध

Normally those who have a lot of wealth are the ones greedy for more. Look at the person who has two crores, he still wants a lakh more. This verse is a play on words. The two ends of a bow is also known as koti (a crore). The target is known as laksha (a lakh).

- Bhojaprabandha

Monday, October 12, 2009

प्रबंधचिन्तामणि - कोप - उपदेश

प्रायः संप्रति कोपाय सन्मार्गस्योपदेशनम् |
विलूननासिकस्येव यद्वदादर्शदर्शनम् ||

- प्रबंधचिन्तामणि

When one is in anger any advice (to do the right thing) will only increase it. It is just like showing a mirror to a person who has just now cut his nose.

- Prabandha Chintamani

Sunday, October 11, 2009

हितोपदेश - मित्रलाभ

पानं दुर्जनसंसर्गः पत्या च विरहोऽटनम् |
स्वप्नमन्यगृहे वासः नारीणां दूषणानि षट् ||

- हितोपदेश, मित्रलाभ

Habitual drinking (of alcohol), friendship with bad people, living away from her husband, wandering aimlessly, sleeping or living in some one else's home - these are the six bad habits that are forbidden for women.

- Hitopadesha, Mitralabha

Saturday, October 10, 2009

पञ्चतंत्र - मित्रभेद - पिशुनः

पदाहतोऽपि दृढदण्डसमाहतोऽपि
    यं दंष्ट्रया स्पृशति तं किल हन्ति सर्पः |
कोप्येष एव पिशुनोग्रमनुष्यधर्मः
    कर्णे परं स्पृशति हन्ति परं समूलम् ||

- पञ्चतंत्र, मित्रभेद

A snake bites those who stamp over it, or beat it with a stick. Only the person who gets bitten by a snake dies. But the behavior of a rumor monger is strange. He bites one person's ears (with a rumor) and some one else gets destroyed all together.

- Panchatantra, Mitrabhedha

Friday, October 9, 2009

शिशुपालवध - प्रतिकार

पादाहतं यदुत्थाय मूर्धानमधिरोहति |
स्वस्थादेवापमानेऽपि देहिनस्तद्वरं रजः ||

- शिशुपालवध

When kicked with foot, even dust fights back and ultimately sits on top of your head. Such is its power of revenge. A person who does nothing when insulted is worse than dust.

- Shishupala Vadha,

Thursday, October 8, 2009

अविमारक - राज - मंत्रि

प्रसिद्धौ कार्याणां प्रवदति जनः पार्थिवबलं
    विपत्तौ विस्पष्टं सचिवमतिदोषं जनयति |
अमात्या इत्युक्ताः श्रुतिसुखमुदारं नृपतिभिः
    सुसूक्ष्मं दण्ड्यंते मतिबलविदग्धाः कुपुरुषाः ||

- अविमारक

When things work out for good, people give credit to the king (telling that it was his benevolence that got the work done). When things go wrong, the subjects usually blame the minister for bad administration. Even though the kings call the ministers as "amaatya" (meaning: a dear one), they punish the ministers in a subtle way. In fact a very learned and wise minister is also treated like a rogue.

- Avimaraka, King, Minister

Wednesday, October 7, 2009

मालविकाग्निमित्र - गुरु

पात्रविशेषे न्यस्तं गुणांतरं व्रजति शिल्पमाधातुः |
जलमिव समुद्रशुक्तौ मुक्ताफलतां पयोदस्य ||

- मालविकाग्निमित्र

Under the able guidance of a teacher (who understands your strengths) even a stone can attain greatness. Just like a drop of pure water from the rain into a sea will be transformed into a pearl if it is nutured in an oyster.

- Malavikagnimitra, Pearl, Teacher

Tuesday, October 6, 2009

परिशिष्टपर्व - अहंकार

पश्यस्यद्रौ ज्वलमग्निं न पुनः पादयोरधः |
यत्परं शिक्षयस्येवं न स्वं शिक्षयसि स्वयम् ||

- परिशिष्टपर्व

You can see the fire on top of a far off mountain, but can not see the fire right under your feet. You are eager in disciplining others. But you are not self disciplined. Such is the human nature - we only see faults in others.

- Parishishtaparva

Monday, October 5, 2009

याज्ञवल्क्य - तरुहानि दमः

प्ररोहिशाखिनां शाखास्कन्दसर्वविदारणे |
उपजीव्यद्रुमाणां च विंशतेर्द्विगुणो दमः ||

- याज्ञवल्क्य

One must be punished severely if he cuts the branches and trunk of a tree that was growing well (freely and happily). The punishment must be doubled if the tree was being useful to people.

- Yajnavalkya

Sunday, October 4, 2009

शिशुपालवध - ईर्षा

परितप्यत एव नोत्तमः परितप्तोऽप्यपरः सुसंवृतिः |
परवृद्धिभिराहितव्यथः स्फुटनिर्भिन्नदुराशयोधमः ||

- शिशुपालवध

A noble man will never feel envious about other people's success. A common man will feel jealous, but may not show it. He will also not let it affect him. But a rogue can not stop thinking about it,. He will attract a lot of grief due to other people's success and can not even hide it

- Shishupalavadha

Saturday, October 3, 2009

मनुस्मृति - धर्मपालन

परित्यजेदर्थकामौ यौ स्यातां धर्मवर्जितौ |
धर्मं चाप्यशुभोदर्कं लोकविक्रुष्टमेव च ||

- मनुस्मृति

One must avoid all means of wealth and pleasures that are against the moral code of life - Dharma. Even Dharma (of older times) has to be given up if it now becomes irrelevant, against the collective morality of all people or is found to yield bad results in future.

- Manu Smriti

Friday, October 2, 2009

किरातार्जुनीय - अविधेयन्द्रियः

परवानर्थसंसिद्धौ नीचवृत्तिरपत्रपः |
अविधेयन्द्रियः पुंसां गौरिवैति विधेयताम् ||

- किरातार्जुनीय

One who does surrender himself for money, one who does take up immoral occupation for money, one who does not control his senses will finally end up losing his freedom and be domesticated like a cow.

- Kiratarjuniya

Thursday, October 1, 2009

नारद स्मृति - सत्य

परं कूपशताद्वापि परं वापीशतात्कृतुः |
परं कृतुशतात् पुत्रः सत्यं पुत्रशतात् परम् ||

- नारद स्मृति

A lake is more useful than a hundred wells. If we do not have the right apparatus to get the water out, a well is useless. Doing a Yajna (rituals) is more useful than finding hundred lakes. By performing Yajna one can get pure water in the form of rain. Having a son is better than performing hundred Yajnas. He shall perform many more Yajnas for you and help you accumulate good Karma. Always acting truthfully is better than all of them since it will eliminate the need for any of them.

- Narada Smriti